Women and ideologies

Workshop leaders: Sonja Erceg(ISHA Osijek) and Ognjen Tomić(ISHA Belgrade)

XIX and XX centuries saw the rise of the new thinking systems, that replaced religion which was influencing the minds of people before.
Communism and liberalism were first to rise and offer confronting views on every aspect of human society. During the 20th century, their influence steadily rose, and the third different ideology emerged-fascism and it’s even darker cousin Naziism. Each of these ideologies gave much attention to the women.
For liberalism, that proposed equal rights for everyone, it was a necessity to give women rights, and to try to equal them with men. Of course, that was only in theory- in reality, most of the leading men in liberal societies were not that eager to give away their privileged status in society, and also,many of them were still following the ideas of their predecessors, who thought that women were inferior to men. That’s why women needed to fight for their rights alone-they had to try to broke traditional and patriarchal norms that were rooted in most modern societies. Their struggle continues today in many parts of the world.
In communism(or socialism), the things were a bit different: as a more leftist ideology than liberalism, the communists were proposing even more rights to women: and indeed in many countries women received vote rights after the communist revolution. Communism looked at the women as completely equal to men, and indeed laws in communists countries share this view. The women were often prominent members of communist party, and fighters for revolution. However, as in liberalism, no matter the laws, in communist societies women also experienced many sorts of discrimination and problems.
And, at last, we have the rightist ideology of all three-the fascism. In fascist and nazism societies, women were having different position and role than in liberal and communist one. Strongly traditionalistic, these ideologies proposed that the woman’s place should be at home, rising children and taking care of the house activities. Interestingly many women(even more than men) voted for Nazi party and helped them come to power, even if their program give them less freedom and rights. On the other hand, women were highly valued in fascist society, because they were the one responsible for raising children and maintaining traditional families. As the fascist countries were highly militarized, women’s highest value was in their’s ability to give birth to a new generation of soliders.
Our workshop gives a wide range of choices for your works.
You can talk about position of women in one of these ideologies, or compare two or more of them; their struggle with systems; their role in establishing these systems; about individuals that shape the course of history in 20th century, etc.
We hope that we will have an interesting discussions, as this is a very rich topic. Welcome to our workshop!